Sep 24, 2020  
Catalog/Bulletin 2012-2013 
Catalog/Bulletin 2012-2013 [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Neuroscience Center of Excellence

(Approved by the Board of Regents, 1988)
Nicolas G. Bazan, MD, PhD, Director

The Neuroscience Center of Excellence is dedicated to the study of the fundamental principles of brain, retina and nerve function, and to contribute to understanding and conquering diseases of the nervous system. The Neuroscience Center is comprised of 15 teams led by independent faculty members who focus their research on cellular and molecular neuroscience, including the neurobiology of disease and translational neuroscience. All faculty members have joint appointments in clinical and basic science departments. The Center also hosts fellows, residents and faculty from several clinical departments, fostering effective interdisciplinary research.

The Center is dedicated to providing innovative, educational and mentoring programs, such as the Interdisciplinary Neuroscience Graduate Program (Ph.D. in Neuroscience, M.D./Ph.D. degree program), which attracts outstanding students from around the world; the Summer Undergraduate Neuroscience Program, which mentors top Louisiana undergraduate students through lectures and hands-on research; and postdoctoral fellowships for training the next generation of investigators. The annual Neuroscience Retreat is a forum for the showcasing of neuroscience investigation and discovery and has been the birthplace of countless research collaborations. Several seminar programs and lectureships host renowned scientists (including 12 Nobel Laureates) who present their work to the LSUHSC community. In addition, the Center has a keen interest in mentoring junior faculty members, helping develop them into independent, competitive scientists. Teams of neuroscience mentors guide junior investigators along the path to acquiring their own independently-funded research, with the goal of strengthening the quality of neuroscience research in Louisiana. During the last several years, the Center also has developed a successful grantsmanship education and research enhancement program.

The Center has received significant federal, state and private research funding. Currently, Center investigators have 15 active NIH R01 grants. Other NIH grants include collaborations with Harvard Medical School and the University of Southern California, as well as the Mayo Clinic. Projects are directed toward discovering novel mechanisms for stroke, brain injury, blinding eye diseases, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s Disease, epilepsy, traumatic brain injury and other disorders of the nervous system. Specific faculty research interests include: cellular and molecular mechanisms of corneal inflammation, nerve regeneration and wound healing, dry eye; retinal pigment epithelium/photoreceptor interactions, neuroprotection, neurobehavior and histopathology; nonlinear dynamics of single neurons and networks; neuroinflammation, hippocampal synaptic plasticity, neurodegeneration, and synaptic transmission and signaling; mediator lipidomics; proteomics and biochemical approaches for understanding mechanisms of memory and neural disorders; genomics, bioinformatics and developmental plasticity. One major program is supported by the Ernest C. and Yvette C. Villere Endowed Chair for Retinal Degeneration Research and is focused on retinitis pigmentosa and macular degeneration.

In addition, the Neuroscience Center participates in translational research programs, such as those sponsored by the LSUHSC Translational Research Initiative, to bring the innovative research conducted here in the lab to the clinic, providing new therapies and treatments for nervous system injuries and diseases. To date, the innovative research conducted has resulted in more than 20 patents or patent applications.

The Neuroscience Center continues to play a pivotal role in developing innovative approaches to understanding the mechanisms of disease and the advancing treatment for disorders of the brain and retina.